What is hypothermia 2


A Hypothermia in stage I can be recognized in a short time by the following symptoms:

  • Shivering
  • Breathing and circulation are increased
  • Affected person is aroused when conscious, later calmer


  • Emergency 112
  • Put on protective gloves
  • Bring affected person to a warm place and warm up slowly. Remove wet, cold clothing and wrap body in warm blankets / emergency blankets, avoid further exposure to cold
  • DO NOT apply active heat e.g. by rubbing or hot water bottle)
  • If the person concerned is conscious, give them warm, sugary drinks such as tea, but no alcoholic drinks!
  • Calm down, look after, comfort and observe those affected (if possible also body temperature) until the rescue service arrives

Hypothermia in stage II can be recognized by the following symptoms:

  • Breathing slows down
  • Muscle rigidity occurs
  • The feeling of pain subsides
  • Increasing tiredness, loss of consciousness


  • Emergency 112
  • DO NOT attempt to warm up any more
  • DO NOT apply active heat (e.g. by rubbing or hot water bottle)
  • If you are unconscious and you are breathing, shout "Help" out loud to make bystanders aware of the emergency situation
  • Stable side position
  • Cover up those affected
  • Calm down, look after, comfort and observe the affected person until the rescue service arrives, repeatedly check consciousness and breathing
  • Cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the event of unconsciousness and a lack of normal breathing

Put a blanket underneath / cover an affected person

An accident is always an exceptional situation for the person concerned and is usually perceived as very stressful. Due to the injury / illness and psychological stress, the person concerned freezes even at normal temperatures, especially if the circulatory system is impaired by the restrictions. Often the person affected lies on the (cold) floor until the rescue service arrives, which also leads to further loss of heat. To prevent this, one of the most important first aid measures is to keep warmth by placing a rescue blanket underneath and covering the person affected. For protection against the cold, the silver (not printed) side of the rescue blanket faces inwards or towards the person affected, and the golden (printed) side faces outwards. The rescue blanket should not lie directly on the unclothed body.