Is Dokdo Takeshima in Japan or Korea

The Influence of US Foreign Policy in East Asia after World War II on Relations between Japan and South Korea. The Example of Dokdo / Takeshima

Peindl-Boehm, Julia (2016) The Influence of US Foreign Policy in East Asia after World War II on Relations between Japan and South Korea. The Example of Dokdo / Takeshima.
Master thesis, University of Vienna. Faculty of historical and cultural studies
Supervisor: Grandner, Margarete Maria

Link to u: search

Abstract in English

After the Second World War, the United States felt to some extent responsible for the world's problems. One of those responsibilities was to prevent Communism from spreading too far in Western Europe as well as East Asia. Japan was seen as an important part of the Non-Communist world and there was discussion about boosting the Japanese economy and drafting a Peace Treaty to end United States occupation. After the Korean War broke out it was even more important to have Japan as an ally in the area. The drafting and signing of the San Francisco Peace Treaty with Japan occurred partially during the Korean War - and it was very important for the United States to draft the final version of the Treaty in a way that would grant them a continuing amicable relationship with both Japan and South Korea. Into this backdrop comes the dispute about an island group, called “Dokdo” in Korean and “Takeshima” in Japanese, over which Korean and Japanese fishermen had a few skirmishes before Japan colonialized Korea in 1910. The United States' failure to mention the ownership of the island group in the Peace Treaty of San Francisco - presumably because both countries were claiming them and the United States did not want to choose a side - caused the conflict to erupt again, this time on a national level. The case of Dokdo / Takeshima is still unresolved until today and plays a big part in the continuing discord between South Korea and Japan.

Keywords in English

US Foreign Policy / Japan / South Korea / Island Dispute / Colonialism / Cold War / Korean War / Peace Treaty

Abstract in German

The United States of America felt partly responsible for solving problems in other parts of the world after the end of World War II. A particular concern of the Americans was to prevent the communist advance in Europe and East Asia. Japan was occupied by the USA after the Second World War and in just a few years changed from an enemy to an ally against communism in East Asia. In 1950, while the Japanese economy was boosting and drafting a peace treaty with Japan was being drawn up, the Korean War broke out. At that time it was very important for the Americans to have a good relationship with Japan and South Korea and that is why the peace treaty with Japan was drafted in a way that - at least in the short term - would not offend either country. The compromise solution that was found for the peace treaty - especially the decision not to define the future Japanese territory precisely - revived an old island conflict between Japanese and South Korean fishermen and turned it into a national problem that continues to this day. The affected archipelago, "Dokdo" or "Takeshima", was partially assigned to South Korea and partially to Japan in the drafts for the peace treaty of San Francisco, but was not mentioned in the final version. This failure sparked a dispute between South Korea and Japan that has been going on for over 60 years. The low material value of the archipelago suggests that the dispute is living out the deep-seated mutual distrust that has existed in Korea since the colonial rule of Japan between 1910 and 1945.

Keywords in German

US Foreign Policy / Japan / South Korea / Island Dispute / Colonialism / Cold War / Korean War / Peace Treaty

Document Type: University thesis (master thesis)
Author:Peindl-Boehm, Julia
Title:The Influence of US Foreign Policy in East Asia after World War II on Relations between Japan and South Korea. The Example of Dokdo / Takeshima
Circumference information:97 pages: Illustrations
Institution:University of Vienna
Faculty:Faculty of historical and cultural studies
Degree title or
University course (ULG):
Master's degree in Global History and Global Studies
Publication year:2016
Language:eng ... English
Supervisor:Grandner, Margarete Maria
Assessor:Grandner, Margarete Maria
Classification:15 History> 06/15 Political History
15 history> 15.80 Japan
15 history> 15.81 Korea
15 story> 15.87 USA
AC number:AC13263175
Document ID:42892
(The PDF layout is identical to the print version of the university thesis.)

Copyright notice: The Austrian Copyright Act applies without restriction to documents that are offered in electronic form via data networks; in particular, according to § 42 UrhG, copies and reproductions are only permitted for personal and private use. For details, see the legal text.

Edit document (only for administrators)