What was the first modern fantasy book

Fantasy and Sci-Fi - From the beginning until today

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Status: 06/09/2016 | 5:16 p.m. Archive

1 | 28 hobbits, magicians and beings from alien galaxies populate the cinema screens (scene from the film "The Hobbit - An Unexpected Journey"). Fantasy and science fiction became modern as early as the 19th century.

© picture-alliance / dpa, photo: Todd Eyre / Warner Bros

2 | 28 The American writer Edgar Allan Poe (1809 to 1849) is considered to be one of the founders of modern science fiction, fantasy and horror literature ("The Double Murder on Rue Morgue", 1841; "The Gold Beetle", 1843). Many subsequent authors who devoted themselves to fantastic literature such as crime fiction took him as a model.

© picture-alliance / maxppp

3 | 28 As was the case with the French writer Jules Verne (1828 to 1905), who was best known for his science fiction novels ("Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea", 1874).

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4 | 28 Poe's works also inspired the American author Howard Phillips Lovecraft (1890 to 1937). Lovecraft is one of the world's most recognized horror writers ("Berge des Wahnsinns", 1936; "The Case of Charles Dexter Ward", 1927/41). His numerous poems, however, are almost unknown.

© Mono Print, Photo: 91050 / United_Archives / TopFoto

5 | 28 As early as 1862/63, the British writer, mathematician and deacon Lewis Carroll (actually Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, 1832 to 1898) wrote the fantastic adventure "Alice in Wonderland".

6 | 28 The novel "Frankenstein" by Mary Shelley (1797 to 1851), which is still popular today, is also part of the early fantasy literature.

Photo: Prisma Archivo

7 | 28 The German writer Paul Carl Wilhelm Scheerbart (1863 to 1915) is largely forgotten today. "The great revolution. A lunar novel." - a sci-fi novel from 1902 - is one of his fantastic works, which he wrote in great numbers.

Photo: Wilhelm Fechner

8 | 28 The Briton J. R. R. Tolkien (1892 to 1973) wrote his novel "The Lord of the Rings" - one of the most successful books of the 20th century - 1954/55. The popular children's book "The Hobbit" was published in 1937.

© dpa, photo: epa afp

9 | 28 The extremely productive fantasy and non-fiction author Isaac Asimov (1919/20 to 1992) was one of the most prominent figures on the American science fiction scene. He wrote more than 500 works. The professor of biochemistry became world famous for his formulation of the three basic rules of robotics, which he first formulated in his short story "Runaround" (1942).

Photo by: CSU Archives / Everett Collection

10 | 28 Above all, his science fiction novels ("Solaris", "Transfer") made the Polish writer, essayist and philosopher Stanislaw Lem (1921 to 2006) famous. ZDF produced a science fiction television series based on its "Sterntagebücher", which was broadcast from 2007 onwards.

Photo: Forum Krzysztof Wojcik

11 | 28 "Animal Farm" and "1984" are the names of the world-famous, fantastic and socially critical novels by the English author George Orwell (actually Eric Arthur Blair, 1903 to 1950).

© Effigie / Leemage, Photo: Effigie / Leemage

12 | 28 "2001: A Space Odyssey" is the name of the film that Stanley Kubrick made in the mid-1960s based on the screenplay by Sir Arthur Charles Clarke. The British physicist and science fiction author wrote not only science fiction novels and short stories, but also scientific articles.

13 | 28 American author Ray Bradbury covers the entire spectrum of fantasy literature, including the adjacent genres of fantasy and horror. Many of his works have been made into films, such as "Fahrenheit 451" (novel 1953 / film 1966) or "evil comes on quiet feet" (novel 1962 / 'film 1983). A television series is also based on his short stories "Bradbury's Cabinet of Horrors" (1985 to 1992).

© Ray Bradbury, Photo: a01

14 | 28 The American author Stephen King (born 1947) began writing science fiction stories at an early age. He had his first success in the early 1970s with the horror novel "Carrie", which - like many other books by him - was later made into a film.

Photo: Shane Leonard

15 | 28 Douglas Adams (1952 to 2001) is best known for his satirical science fiction series "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy", which was also made as a radio play and in 2005 as a film.

© Picture Alliance / Photoshot

16 | 28 Terry Pratchett's (1949 to 2015) fantastic "Discworld" novels, in which he often caricatures topics from real everyday life, have been translated into almost 40 languages ​​and sold millions of times. The fantasy book "A Good Omen" (1990) was created in collaboration with Neil Gaiman.

Photo: Christian Thiel

17 | 28 Neil Gaiman became famous with the comic series "Sandman". But the Briton (born in 1960) is extraordinarily versatile and writes not only science fiction and fantasy novels for young people and adults ("American Gods", 2005), also stories, poems and songs.

© Neil Gaiman, Photo: Kimberly Butler

18 | 28 The author of the successful "Twilight" saga is the American author Stephenie Meyer (born 1973). In the youth book series, vampire stories and real events mix. The novels were filmed with Kristen Stewart and Robert Pattinson in the lead roles.

© picture-alliance / dpa, photo: Ingo Wagner

19 | George R. R. Martin wrote - and sold - 28 monster stories as a schoolboy. The American author wrote science fiction, fantasy and horror works such as the seven-part epic "A Song of Ice and Fire".

© George R. R. Martin private

20 | 28 American author Joyce Carol Oates (born 1938), who received the 2012 Bram Stoker Award for Best Fiction Collection for Black Dahlia and White Rose: Stories, also writes plays and books on socially critical topics.

© picture-alliance / dpa, photo: Schmitt

21 | 28 "Messias" (1954) is the name of one of the science fiction works by the American actor, politician and author Gore Vidal (1925 to 2012). But he became world famous for the film "Ben Hur" (1959) for which he wrote the screenplay.

© dpa-Bildfunk

22 | 28 His novel "Player Piano" (1952) made the American writer Kurt Vonnegut (1922 to 2007) popular as a science fiction author. Four films were made based on Vonnegut's literary models, including "Breakfast for Heroes". He also wrote scripts himself.

© picture alliance / dpa picture archive

23 | 28 Margaret Atwood (born 1939) is one of the most important contemporary storytellers. The Canadian has long been in talks for the Nobel Prize for Literature. In 1985 she wrote the science fiction novel "The Maid's Report". "Oryx and Crake" was the start of the fantasy trilogy "Maddaddam" in 2003.

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24 | 28 The German author Wolfgang Hohlbein (born 1953) is one of the most prolific writers in this genre. His breakthrough came in the 1980s: the children's book "Märchenmond", submitted to a fantasy and science fiction competition, received several prizes. His books, including the "Enwor Saga", sell millions of times around the world.

© dpa-exclusive, photo: Horst Ossinger

25 | 28 As a single mother in dire financial straits, Joanne K. Rowling (born 1965) wrote her first "Harry Potter" novel. With the series about the young magician, which was also filmed with Daniel Radcliffe in the lead role, she achieved an unprecedented public and commercial success. It is believed that she is the richest writer in the world.

© Debra Hurford Brown, Photo: Debra Hurford Brown

26 | 28 Before Cornelia Funke (born 1958) began to write herself, she illustrated children's books. She made known the work "Lord of Thieves", which has since been filmed. Above all, the "Ink World Trilogy" brought her international recognition.

© NDR, photo: Katja Weise

27 | 28 "Alice in Wonderland" by fantasy author Lewis Carroll inspired Suzanne Collins (born 1962) to write her first book. The US author conquered the bestseller lists with the "Tribute Trilogy" (in the leading role: Jennifer Lawrence :). This fantasy series has also been filmed in the meantime.

© Cap Pryor

28 | 28 The "Guardian novels" made the Russian science fiction and fantasy author Sergej Lukianenko (born 1968) internationally known. The medical graduate initially worked as a psychiatrist before starting to write short stories. His five "Guardian" novels formed the basis for two extremely successful films in Russia.

© dpa, photo: Jörg Carstensen

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NDR Info | Book tip | 06/11/2016 | 07:55 am