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Average salary: This is what employees in Germany earn

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The average salary is an indicator. Whoever is above is a winner. Whoever is below is on the losing side. But it cannot be said in general terms! The meaningfulness of the average salary is limited. If you only measure your own earnings by this, you cause unnecessary frustration with your own job. Nevertheless, a comparison with the average salary is of course very exciting. We show how high the average salary in Germany is in various professions, sectors and federal states - and what you should pay attention to when analyzing the average salary ...

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

➠ Content: This is what awaits you

Average salary in Germany

It is the question of all questions about the average salary: How much does Germany earn? According to the Federal Statistical Office, the average gross monthly earnings for full-time employees in this country is 3,994 euros. Possible special payments such as Christmas or vacation pay are not taken into account.

The average salary of all employees in Germany - including marginal employment and part-time work - is 3,099 euros (source: Statista).

Average salary for men and women

There is still a gender gap in Germany. So there are salary differences between the sexes. The average gross salary for men working full-time is 4,181 euros, women earn an average of 3,559 euros gross for a full-time job.

Average salary for executives

Higher positions get a better salary. This is also shown by the survey from the StepStone salary report of specialists and managers. Here the average gross salary is 4898.75 euros per month. This corresponds to an average gross annual salary of 58,785 euros.

Average salary for graduates

How much a university degree brings is shown by the average salary for graduates when they start their careers. According to the salary report, this is a proud EUR 3,736.33 (EUR 44,836 gross annual salary). Graduates earn more at the beginning of their careers than many other employees in the course of their careers. However, there are also numerous courses that lag behind this value.

You have to pay attention to this with the average salary

The average salary takes into account all salaries in a specified area and divides them by the total number. So the value is supposed to bring order into the German salary jungle. Nevertheless, the average salary must always be assessed with reservations. A simple example shows why:

A hairdresser earns 22,000 euros a year, his colleague 25,000 euros, and a competitor 26,000 euros. Number four has completed his training and is starting with 18,000 euros. Number five, however, a star hairdresser for the rich and beautiful, comes to 146,000 euros a year. The average salary of these five hairdressers is now 47,400 euros - a salary that four of the five respondents can only dream of.

Only a third above the average salary

The Federal Statistical Office also determined that only a third of the employees earn more than the average salary. The majority is below the merit. If you earn less than the average salary, that is by no means a reason to feel treated unfairly or to develop frustration with your own pay.

You can see the average pay as a guide, but should not be measured against it alone. It is also important to choose the framework as specifically as possible in order to generate comparability. If the average salary is narrowed down to industries, regions or certain factors, the result becomes more and more accurate.

Average salary according to various factors

For a better comparison, we have therefore clearly compiled the average salaries depending on various factors. This is a better way to understand which average pay is really realistic for your job:

Average salary by federal state

The location of an employer determines the average pay. Traditionally, salaries are particularly high in the south, while workers in the east earn significantly less. It is therefore important to differentiate the average salary by region. The following tables show the average salaries of the individual federal states divided into career starters after an apprenticeship, university and college graduates as well as specialists and managers (sources: gehalt.de salary atlas; StepStone salary report).

Average pay after training

federal stateAverage salary (annual gross)
Hesse35,117 euros
Baden-Wuerttemberg33,418 euros
Hamburg32,590 euros
Bavaria32,368 euros
North Rhine-Westphalia31,020 euros
Rhineland-Palatinate30,272 euros
Bremen29,499 euros
Saarland29,244 euros
Berlin29,081 euros
Lower Saxony28,256 euros
Schleswig-Holstein27,175 euros
Thuringia24,947 euros
Saxony24,605 ​​euros
Brandenburg24,297 euros
Saxony-Anhalt24,282 euros
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania23,380 euros

Average pay after studying

federal stateAverage salary (annual gross)
Bavaria47,236 euros
Baden-Wuerttemberg47,018 euros
Hesse46,813 euros
North Rhine-Westphalia44,315 euros
Schleswig-Holstein43,999 euros
Lower Saxony43,069 euros
Bremen43,005 euros
Saarland42,936 euros
Hamburg42,857 euros
Rhineland-Palatinate42,787 euros
Berlin41,670 euros
Brandenburg41,326 euros
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania40,639 euros
Saxony-Anhalt39,974 euros
Thuringia39,663 euros
Saxony38,657 euros

Average salary of specialists and managers

federal stateAverage salary (annual gross)
Hesse64,335 euros
Bavaria62,243 euros
Baden-Wuerttemberg61,677 euros
Hamburg59,111 euros
North Rhine-Westphalia58,815 euros
Rhineland-Palatinate55,933 euros
Bremen55,786 euros
Saarland55,692 euros
Berlin54,392 euros
Lower Saxony54,150 euros
Schleswig-Holstein52,563 euros
Thuringia48,334 euros
Saxony47,292 euros
Saxony-Anhalt46,890 euros
Brandenburg46,575 euros
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania45,135 euros

Average salary by industry

Some industries pay particularly well, others unfortunately only very poorly. The differences are sometimes really enormous, which is why a cross-industry average salary is almost always a distorted representation of reality. In order to paint a better picture, we show you the average salary in different industries - here too, separated by graduates and specialists and executives:

Average pay by industry for graduates

BranchAverage salary (annual gross)
Vehicle manufacturers and suppliers51,410 euros
chemistry50,227 euros
Pharma50,175 euros
Aerospace49,393 euros
Electrical engineering48,936 euros
Medical technology48,928 euros
Mechanical and plant engineering48,735 euros
Metal industry48,353 euros
Insurance48,218 euros
Banks47,536 euros
Business consulting46,985 euros
Energy-and water supply46,280 euros
Financial service providers45,511 euros
IT and the Internet45,458 euros
telecommunications44,813 euros
Science and Research44,745 euros
Construction and industry44,371 euros
property44,311 euros
Transport and logistics43,675 euros
Consumer goods and durables43,413 euros
other industries42,185 euros
Wholesale and retail41,766 euros
Food and beverage41,399 euros
Personnel services41,390 euros
Health and social services40,605 euros
Public service and associations40,562 euros
media39,499 euros
Education and training38,686 euros
Agency, advertising, marketing and PR36,181 euros
Leisure, tourism, culture and sport35,339 euros

Average pay by industry for specialists and executives

BranchAverage salary (annual gross)
Banks69,703 euros
Pharma69,515 euros
Vehicle construction and supplier68,778 euros
chemistry66,972 euros
Consumer goods and durables65,789 euros
Aerospace65,545 euros
Mechanical and plant engineering64,892 euros
Insurance64,766 euros
Medical technology64,556 euros
Energy-and water supply64,300 euros

Average salary according to degree programs

Studying provides the best prerequisites for a successful career. It is an important cornerstone: for a good job and a good salary. How high the average salary is, however, depends on the respective degree program:

Average pay for graduates by subject

Course of studyAverage salary (annual gross)
Medicine and dentistry51,703 euros
industrial engineering49,806 euros
natural Science48,996 euros
Engineering48,782 euros
Mathematics and computer science48,231 euros
business Informatics48,018 euros
law Sciences45,872 euros
Economics43,189 euros
psychology42,876 euros
Social sciences39,487 euros
Teaching position38,935 euros
Educational science37,903 euros
architecture37,820 euros
design35,925 euros
Humanities35,575 euros
History and cultural studies35,181 euros

Average payment for specialists and executives by subject

Course of studyAverage salary (annual gross)
Medicine and dentistry92,215 euros
law Sciences77,877 euros
industrial engineering72,437 euros
Engineering70,879 euros
business Informatics70,321 euros

Average salary according to qualification

Education pays off. A higher educational qualification leads to a - in some cases significantly - higher average salary. With a better degree, you can quickly earn several thousand euros a year (source: Xing salary study):

Course of studyAverage salary (annual gross)
promotion101,534 euros
Master / Diploma / 2nd state examination81,143 euros
Bachelor / intermediate diploma / 1st state examination69,613 euros
Master becomes65,206 euros
Abitur / advanced technical college entrance qualification61,541 euros
Middle school leaving certificate / secondary school leaving certificate57,168 euros
Secondary school leaving certificate50,973 euros

Trick for more salary: create a performance folder!

Many would like a raise, but they find it difficult to negotiate their salaries. Mainly because you lack good arguments. A trick that is as effective as it is convincing is the so-called Service portfolio. In it you collect hard facts and arguments for more money. The following video explains how this works:

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